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# Is it true that independent set is $Ω(n^{1−\epsilon})$-inapproximable unless P=NP?

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Problem Detail:

I was reading a paper and I came to the following :

"Since independent set is $Ω(n^{1−\epsilon})$-inapproximable unless P=NP (see [19]) for any fixed $\epsilon> 0$, the ..." where [19] is the following article : D. Zuckerman. Linear degree extractors and the inapproximability of max clique and chromatic number. In STOC, pages 681–690, 2006.

My question: is it true that independent set is $Ω(n^{1−\epsilon})$-inapproximable unless P=NP? Because I cannot find this result in the cited article. However, I can find the results about max clique and chromatic number. What I am missing?

###### Answered By : Juho

Yes, this is true.

To see this, notice that cliques and independent sets are complementary. That is, a set of vertices $S$ is independent precisely when $S$ forms a clique in the complement of the graph. Intuitively, this means that if you had an approximation algorithm for finding a maximum clique, you could use it to find a maximum independent set by executing it on the complement graph.

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Question Source : http://cs.stackexchange.com/questions/57536

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